Identify the abnormality in the following image –

Solved420 viewsOrthopaedics2015 aiims orthopaedics
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Identify the abnormality in the following image –

[A]. Hallux valgus

[B]. Hallux varus

[C]. Rheumatoid nodule

[D]. Subcutaneous nodule



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[A]. Hallux valgus
Explanation :-
Hallux Valgus

  • Hallux valgus is considered to be a medial deviation of the first metatarsal and lateral deviation and/or rotation of the hallux, with or without medial soft-tissue enlargement of the first metatarsal head.
  • This condition can lead to painful motion of the joint or difficulty with footwear

Etiology :

  • Arthritic/metabolic conditions that may cause hallux valgus include the following:
    • Gouty arthritis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Psoriatic arthritis
    • Connective tissue disorders such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan syndrome, Down syndrome, and ligamentous laxity
  • Traumatic conditions that may cause hallux valgus include the following:
    • Malunions
    • Intra-articular damage
    • Soft-tissue sprains
  • Structural deformities that may cause hallux valgus include the following:
    • Malalignment of articular surface or metatarsal shaft
    • Abnormal metatarsal length
    • Metatarsus primus elevatus

Treatment : Chevron osteotomy

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